Fracking: A Metaphor of Decline

“We’re in decline.”

It was a dramatic statement by an American political leader, one unvarnished by politically correct posturing or knee-jerk optimism. And it was verbalized by one of the most respected public figures in the United States.

Former Florida Governor Jeb Bush offered the comment during an interview in which he also opined that Republican icon Ronald Reagan (as well as his own father, President George H.W. Bush) would struggle to find a role within today’s Republican party. Although the political pundits focused on his opinion regarding Reagan, others were struck by his prognosis of the nation’s fiscal health.

Meanwhile, television viewers who were searching for tales of America’s economic prowess discovered the resurrection of a classic show about the world of American business. New episodes of Dallas, the oil industry saga that was broadcast on the CBS television network from 1978 to 1991, suddenly reappeared on TNT cable television with actors Larry Hagman, Patrick Duffy, and Linda Gray reprising their original roles as JR, Bobby, and Sue Ellen Ewing.

34 Years Later

Fans of the original television show engaged in extended online discussions about how the three original characters have changed during the 34 years that have elapsed since the program’s initial premiere. Likewise, we can discuss the evolution of the show’s underlying assumptions about the American economy to observe how our society has evolved as well.

For instance, the original Ewing Oil of 1978 was a family owned firm that focused primarily on developing land-based energy projects in the United States. Ewing family funds were also invested in Texas based ranching, farming, and media operations, thereby maintaining a domestic focus and avoiding any foreign entanglements.

Were there any exceptions to this unified American perspective? During the third season, JR Ewing did briefly invest $200 million in an Asian oil operation. But the diversion did not last long because local government regulators nationalized the energy fields, though only after the crafty JR obtained insider information about the impending nationalization and unloaded Ewing’s ownership interest on his unsuspecting business rivals!

In the contemporary version of the series, however, there is no such emphasis on domestic American business strategies. Christopher Ewing’s primary focus, in fact, is a methane gas operation off the coast of China. And John Ross Ewing’s efforts to develop fracking operations on the land under the family’s Southfork ranch is considered an environmental degradation by his extended family.

From Southfork to the Southern Tier

This very fracking controversy, of course, is currently playing out across the United States. Governor Andrew Cuomo of New York, for example, recently restricted the controversial production activity to the economically depressed Southern Tier of the Empire State after deciding initially to permit the technique on a statewide basis.

His recent restrictive decision satisfied no one. Critics of fracking predicted that the technique would pollute the state’s water supply, while proponents retorted that a geographically narrow production region would deter energy companies from making economically profitable investments.

Was Cuomo’s decision reflective of a state in decline? Some might opine that a state in a position of ascendancy would legalize fracking and then search energetically for technological solutions to its complications; others might opine that an ascendant society would prohibit the practice and then search energetically for replacement sources of energy. Cuomo’s compromise solution, regrettably, does not appear to match either profile.

The Metaphor of Fractures

Interestingly, John Ross Ewing’s focus on fracking activities may well serve as a metaphor for the challenges that face American society. Fracking itself is a process whereby pressurized fluids are blasted into deep underground rock formations, fracturing the earth and thus freeing the energy deposits from the soil.

In a sense, the Ewing family of Dallas has been fractured throughout its 34 year history in the world of television. And the television audience itself has grown increasingly fractured during the past three or four decades as well. Although it was possible for the iconic “Who Shot JR?” cliffhanger episode of the third season of the original show to attract an estimated 41.5 million households, the subsequent splintering of the American public among hundreds of cable and web based television shows makes such a unified television audience impossible today.

In a sense, the fragmentation of the contemporary American television audience reflects the type of social fracturing that Jeb Bush had in mind when he described the United States as a nation in decline. The same centrifugal social forces that are pulling American television viewers into segregated networks and shows are likewise isolating them into disparate political cliques, making compromise unlikely and political agreements impossible.

The result? Most critics have expressed doubt that the contemporary version of Dallas will be able to find its legs and ascend to the top of the television world. Likewise, there are many skeptics who are expressing doubt that American society will be able to reach consensus on its most pressing challenges and reverse its trajectory of decline.